1AC



1AC Plan



The United States federal government should substantially increase elementary and secondary education savings accounts for military connected children in the United States.



1AC Readiness



Contention 1 is READINESS:



It's collapsing now –education quality is the most important factor

Cowen & Lingenfelter 17 (Jim Cowen, former U.S. Navy officer, executive director of the Collaborative for Student Success; and Marcus S. Lingenfelter, former U.S. Marine Corps, senior vice president of state and federal programs at the National Math + Science Initiative; "The stealth factor in military readiness," The Hill, 2-27-2017, http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/education/321321-the-stealth-factor-in-military-readiness)/CWB
The backbone of the armed forces, the men and women who wear the uniform
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. And the education of military-connected children plays a vital role.


three internal links – poor achievement wrecks recruitment – lack of choice wrecks retention – and expense wrecks short-term budgetary flexibility –the plan solves and the federal government's key

Burke & Ryland 17 (Lindsey M. Burke, Will Skillman Fellow in Education and Director of the Center for Education Policy, of the Institute for Family, Community, and Opportunity, Heritage Foundation; and Anne Ryland, Research Assistant in the Center for Education Policy, Heritage Foundation; "A GI Bill for Children of Military Families: Transforming Impact Aid into Education Savings Accounts," Heritage Foundation, 6-2-2017, http://www.heritage.org/education/report/gi-bill-children-military-families-transforming-impact-aid-education-savings)KMM
A strong national defense depends on a well-supported military. Members of the
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,000 for elementary school and $12,000 for high school.


No alt causes –personnel and budgetary inflexibility hurt readiness that risks missile, cyber, and terrorist attacks – and an imminent collapse in air perception alone spurs regional aggression and great power wars

Panetta, et al 17 (Bipartisan Policy Center, Task Force on Defense Personnel Co-Chairs: Leon Panetta, Former Secretary of Defense, Former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency; Jim Talent, Former Senator, Member of the National Defense Panel; Jim Jones, Former National Security Advisor, 32nd Commandant of the Marine Corps; General (ret.), U.S. Marine Corps; Kathy Roth-Douquet, Former White House and Defense Department official, Chief Executive Officer of Blue Star Families; "The Building Blocks of a Ready Military: People, Funding, Tempo," Bipartisan Policy Center, January 2017, https://cdn.bipartisanpolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/BPC-Defense-Military-Readiness.pdf)KMM
Executive Summary As the global security environment becomes more complex and unpredictable, the U
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and to ensure the U.S. military remains the world's finest.


Trump will over-react to perception of weakness by escalating crises to the nuclear level

Klare 17 (Michael T. Klare, Professor of Peace and World Security Studies, Hampshire College, "Tomgram: Michael Klare, Twenty-First-Century Armageddons," 1-17-2017, http://www.tomdispatch.com/post/176231/tomgram%3A_michael_klare%2C_twenty-first-century_armageddons/~~#more)KMM
Within months of taking office, President Donald Trump is likely to face one or
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be much, but it's the least we can do to avert Armageddon.


Independently, air supremacy provides a terminal filter to every impact

Pfaltzgraff, et al 10 (Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of International Security Studies, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and President of the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, et al., "Air, Space, & Cyberspace Power in the 21st-Century," Final Report of the IFPA-Fletcher Conference on National Security Strategy and Policy, January 20-21, 2010, p.xiii-9, http://www.ifpa.org/pdf/USAFreportweb.pdf)KMM
Deterrence Strategy In stark contrast to the bipolar Cold War nuclear setting, today's security
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that airpower would play in U.S. strategy and crisis management.


1AC BRAC



Contention 2 is BRAC:



Base closures are inevitable – Trump's pushing and Congress will get on board

Maucione 17 (Scott Maucione, Federal News Radio, internally citing Chris Preble, vice president for defense and foreign policy studies at the Cato Institute, "BRAC finds some stable ground in 2017," 2-27-2017, https://federalnewsradio.com/defense/2017/02/brac-finds-stable-ground-2017/)KMM
After 12 years and numerous requests from the Defense Department since the last round of
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billion annually, on top of the savings already realized from previous rounds.


BUT, even absent a BRAC, DoD will pursue piecemeal closures – those are much worse

Lessig 16 (Hugh Lessig, covers military and state politics at the Daily Press, B.A. journalism, Moravian College, "Defense study re-ignites debate over base closings," 4-23-2016, http://www.dailypress.com/news/military/dp-nws-wittman-brac-20160423-story.html)KMM
Armed with a new study on excess space, the Defense Department says it will
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money to duplicate the capacity of the bases we have," he said.


AND, Trump's eliminating military impact aid now – expectation of educational failure spurs DoD to close bases in the historically worst-performing districts

Fliter 17 (Leah Fliter, Kansas Association of School Boards, "Kansas schools could lose critical funding under Trump budget proposal," 4-25-2017, https://kasb.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/CriticalFunding-TrumpBudget04107.pdf)KMM
Trump's 2018 DOE budget proposal also calls for the elimination of $66.8
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product and more than 9 percent of total employment to the state's economy.


Many are in the states most dependent upon bases – slows growth nationally

Leatherman 15 (Matthew Leatherman, non-resident fellow with Stimson's Budgeting for Foreign Affairs and Defense Program, M.A. international affairs, Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs, B.A. political science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, "The Army Goes to School: The Connection between K-12 Education Standards and the Military-Base Economy," Stimson Center, June 2015, https://www.stimson.org/sites/default/files/file-attachments/ArmyGoesToSchool.pdf)KMM
The Connection between K-12 Education Standards and Military Host Community Economic Dependency Military
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times during a career, the Army orders troops to change station frequently.


Slow growth risks multiple scenarios for conflict escalation and extinction

Haass 13 (Richard N. Haass, President of the Council on Foreign Relations, former director of policy planning for the Department of State, principal adviser to Secretary of State Colin Powell, former US Ambassador and coordinator for policy toward Afghanistan, former vice president and director of foreign policy studies at the Brookings Institution, former lecturer in public policy at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government, research associate at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Rhodes scholar, Ph.D., M.A. Oxford University, B.A. Oberlin College, "The World Without America," 4-30-2013, http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/repairing-the-roots-of-american-power-by-richard-n—haass)KMM
Let me posit a radical idea: The most critical threat facing the United States
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just for Americans, but for the vast majority of the planet's inhabitants.


BUT, resolving education issues allows the closure process to refocus on strategic modernization – avoiding the worst economic effects

Shipley 17 (David Shipley, senior editor, et al, editors at Bloomberg View, "Closing bases would strengthen U.S. military," 6-28-2017, https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-06-28/closing-bases-would-strengthen-the-u-s-military)KMM
The House is working on the military budget for 2018, and the Pentagon is
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. It's a sensible and modest idea that the House should also adopt.


Modernization is vital to sustain long-term technological supremacy – filters the likelihood of conflict and controls crisis escalation

Perry, et al 14 (William J. Perry, former secretary of defense, Michael and Barbara Berberian Professor (emeritus) at Stanford University, senior fellow at FSI and serves as co-director of the Nuclear Risk Reduction initiative and the Preventive Defense Project; and John P. Abizaid, four-star general, U.S. Army (ret.), supports and advises the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, M.A. Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University; co-chairs of the National Defense Panel, the United States Institute of Peace, "Ensuring a Strong U.S. Defense for the Future: The National Defense Panel Review of the 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review," 7-31-2014, https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/Ensuring-a-Strong-U.S.-Defense-for-the-Future-NDP-Review-of-the-QDR_0.pdf)KMM
III. Strategic and Operational Environment We believe the next two decades will pose a
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interaction, technology remains the fundamental explanatory variable in understanding the international system.