1ac - cte



1ac – state budgets


Advantage 1 is state budgets—

State budget shortfalls slow economic growth and ensure they lack sufficient revenue to fund pensions
Donlan 17 ~~[Thomas G. Donlan, editor at Barron's, "There's a Hole in State Pensions," Feb 11, 2017, http://www.barrons.com/articles/theres-a-hole-in-state-pensions-1486794298~~]
Turn away from the lurid deficit spectacles in Washington to examine the declining state of
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a firm arguing for tougher standards "may be disqualified from further consideration."


Left unchecked, state pensions will be the next subprime mortgage crisis —- investors are already downgrading state credit
Booth 17 ~~[Danielle DiMartino Booth, President of MoneyStrong, former Federal Reserve insider, March 24, 2017, "Pension Crisis Too Big for Markets to Ignore," Bloomberg, https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-03-24/pension-crisis-too-big-for-markets-to-ignore~~]
In late 2006, Aaron Krowne, a computer scientist and mathematician, started a
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that shield their portfolios? Or will it be none of the above?


That collapses the US economy
Reeves 3/24 ~~[Jeff Reeves is a stock analyst and executive editor of InvestorPlace.com. His commentary has also appeared on CNBC, Fox Business, USA Today, and the Wall Street Journal network, "Your pension could be at the center of America's next financial crisis," March 24, 2017, http://thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/finance/325564-the-pension-crisis-will-be-americas-next-financial-crisis~~]
I'm not a fan of the "greed is good" mentality of Wall Street
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need Social Security, even in an imperfect form, well beyond 2034?


The impact is diversionary war
Foster 12/19 ~~[Dennis M., professor of international studies and political science at the Virginia Military Institute, 12/19/16, "Would President Trump go to war to divert attention from problems at home?," http://inhomelandsecurity.com/would-president-trump-go-to-war-to-divert-attention-from-problems-at-home~~]
If the U.S. economy tanks, should we expect Donald Trump to
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ramifications of an economic downturn with a President Trump in the White House.


It goes nuclear and causes extinction
Street 16 ~~[Tim, fellow of the Sustainable Security Programme at the Oxford Research Group, previously researcher with the British American Security Information Council, Ph.D. from Warwick University, 11/30/16, "President Trump: Successor to the Nuclear Throne," http://www.oxfordresearchgroup.org.uk/publications/briefing_papers_and_reports/president_trump_successor_nuclear_throne~~]
Donald Trump's arrival in the White House as US President has deeply unnerved people from
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to widespread anger, confusion and unrest, both at home and abroad.


Federal CTE funding critical to avoid impending budget crisis and stimulate economic growth
CCD 17, ~~[Published by the American Association of Community Colleges, 6-23-2017, "Governors support CTE, job-training funding – Community College Daily," Community College Daily, http://www.ccdaily.com/2017/05/governors-support-cte-job-training-funding/~~]
The National Governors Association (NGA) doesn't often wade into debates over federal appropriations
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to ensure students are prepared for a 21st century economy," NGA said.

CTE stimulates economic growth through a staggering multiplier effect and rescues state budgets
Ogul 17 – writer for Orlando Sentinel (David, "How to improve a state economy through technical education", 2/17/17, Orlando Sentinel, http://www.orlandosentinel.com/brandpublishing/forstudentsnotprofit/os-how-to-improve-a-state-economy-20170217-story.htmlGHS-AK)
For every dollar Wisconsin taxpayers invest in their technical college system, they get back
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. "We have been very fortunate and very pleased with their performance."


States increasing funding on their own would run afoul of balanced-budget requirements and further downgrade their creditworthiness —- only increasing federal block grant spending can solve fiscal shortfalls
Gamage 10 ~~[David Gamage, Assistant Professor, University of California, Berkeley, School of Law (Boalt Hall), "Preventing State Budget Crises: Managing the Fiscal Volatility Problem," California Law Review, 98 Calif. L. Rev. 749, June, 2010, lexis~~]
Politicians generally benefit both from cutting taxes and from increasing spending on popular programs.
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balanced budget constraint itself, thereby reducing its potential to provide countercyclical support.


Federal stimulus key to kickstart growth —- fiscal policy has more leverage than monetary policy
Bryan 16 ~~[Bob, Business Insider, "Only one thing that can jumpstart the global economy right now — but no government is willing to do it," Feb 22, 2016, http://www.businessinsider.com/fiscal-stimulus-could-jumpstart-economy-2016-2http:
www.businessinsider.com/fiscal-stimulus-could-jumpstart-economy-2016-2~~]
Global economic growth is sluggish, to say the least. The low-growth
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, Srivastava said such stimulus is being treated as "a last resort."


1ac – competitiveness


Advantage 2 is competitiveness—


Skill gaps and a declining middle class threaten American competiveness – CTE programs are crucial to a productive workforce
Miner 16 (Andrew Miner is a former intern with the Education Policy team at the Center for American Progress., October 11^^th^^, 2016, "Rebuilding the High School to Middle Class Pipeline", https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/education/news/2016/10/11/145341/rebuilding-the-high-school-to-middle-class-pipeline/, nassal)
In December of 2014, The Washington Post reported on the decline of manufacturing in
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of them include mentoring, an open and inclusive program, and paid internships


Skills training collaboration between public education and the private sector produces a skilled workforce that revitalizes manufacturing and tech innovation
Atlantic Council 17 ~~[The Atlantic Council is a nonpartisan organization that promotes constructive US leadership and engagement in international affairs, Keeping America's Innovative Edge, April 2017, director of the Atlantic Council's Foresight, Strategy, and Risks Initiative in the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security, http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/images/publications/Keeping_Americas_Innovative_Edge_web_0404.pdf~~]
HUMAN CAPITAL EXAMPLE Rethinking Skills and Worker Training Even the most enlightened immigration scheme for
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skilled-employment needs and then linking its educational system to that trajectory.

Slow growth now- strong CTE is key to American economy
Litow and Suh 15, Litow vice president, corporate citizenship and corporate affairs, and president, IBM international. (Grace Suh, Stanley, October 2015 "TRANSFORMING HIGH SCHOOL AND ADDRESSING THE CHALLENGE OF AMERICA'S COMPETITIVENESS" https://www.ibm.com/blogs/citizen-ibm/wp-content/uploads/Transforming-High-School-and-Addressing-the-Challenge-of-Americas-Competitiveness.pdf)//eliben
Sadly, America's young people are woefully unprepared to meet the demands of an increasingly
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-class track rather than as an alternative pathway remains a real concern.


Crumbling infrastructure and education destroys the foundations for power projection —- accelerating the pace of growth is key
US key to global economy – solves democracy, WMD prolif, warming, trade, cyber, disease, and war
Richard N. Haass 13, President of the Council on Foreign Relations, 4/30/13, "The World Without America," http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/repairing-the-roots-of-american-power-by-richard-n—haass
Let me posit a radical idea: The most critical threat facing the United States
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just for Americans, but for the vast majority of the planet's inhabitants.


Competitiveness is key to hegemony
Colby 14 - Robert M. Gates Senior Fellow at the Center for a New American Security, Policy Advisor to the Secretary of Defense's Representative for the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, graduated from Harvard, J.D. from Yale, term member of the Council on Foreign Relations, member of the International Institute of Strategic Studies
Elbridge Colby, 7/3/2014, Foreign Policy, "Have we hit peak America?", http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2014/07/03/have_we_hit_peak_america, 8/4/2015,
FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 200 YEARS, MOST GROWTH IS OCCURRING IN THE DEVELOPING
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guided munitions and thus threaten U.S. power-projection capabilities.


Heg deters conflict- collapse causes great power war- maintaining economic power is crucial to global order
Kagan 2-6-17 (Robert, senior fellow with the Project on International Order and Strategy in the Foreign Policy program at Brookings. Author of the world America Made "Backing Into World War III" http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/02/06/backing-into-world-war-iii-russia-china-trump-obama/) mba-alb
Think of two significant trend lines in the world today. One is the increasing
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and the Pacific — has also had to remain relatively healthy and confident.


Independently, competitive US manufacturing crucial to avoid supply chain shocks that threaten societal collapse from disease, food shortages, or environmental disasters
Stoller 11 ~~[Matt, The Nation, "How America Could Collapse," July 27, 2011, https://www.thenation.com/article/how-america-could-collapse/~~]
Worryingly, there's been very little consideration of how systemic collapses can happen in
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to a societal collapse, the better chance we have of avoiding collapse.