1AC



Plan text:

Plan: Federal agencies should curtail their local law enforcement surveillance.


Contention One: Immigration Federalism



State sovereignty over immigration has been crushed by ICE's use of state and local police

Cox and Miles 2014 † Professor of Law, NYU School of Law; Clifton R. Musser Professor of Law and Economics and Walter Mander Research Scholar, University of Chicago Law School. (Adam and Thomas, "The Real World of Immigration Federalism", http://www.law.nyu.edu/sites/default/files/upload_documents/Adam%20Cox%20The%20Real%20World%20of%20Immigration%20Federalism_2.pdf)//AN
Writing about immigration federalism has, like much federalism scholarship, long been stuck with
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into an immigration screening event puts local officials in charge of those priorities.


Changes to ICE's 287g now compel state and local police to cooperate in surveilling for immigration through task forces AND technological gathering – This crushes immigration federalism

Kalhan 2013 Associate Professor of Law, Drexel University (Anil, "Immigration Policing and Federalism Through the Lens of Technology, Surveillance, and Privacy", Vol. 74:6, pg. 1134, http://moritzlaw.osu.edu/students/groups/oslj/files/2013/12/14-Kalhan.pdf)//AN
C. Informational End Runs and the Eroding Boundaries of Immigration Federalism Automated immigration policing
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between federal, state, and local institutions, on the other.120


Federal limiting of state and local police cooperation with the ICE solves immigration federalism

Kalhan 2013 Associate Professor of Law, Drexel University (Anil, "Immigration Policing and Federalism Through the Lens of Technology, Surveillance, and Privacy", Vol. 74:6, http://moritzlaw.osu.edu/students/groups/oslj/files/2013/12/14-Kalhan.pdf)//AN
B. Immigration Federalism and Information Federalism One important means of fostering and facilitating these
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as a matter of constitutional doctrine, legislation, or technological design.229


Federal policy is already discriminatory against undocumented people—state experimentalism with immigration is best because impacts are small and states can foster better policies for the future

Huntington 2008 Associate Professor, University of Colorado Law School; J.D. Columbia Law School; (Clare, "The Constitutional Dimension of Immigration Federalism", http://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1181&context=faculty_scholarship)//AN
To demonstrate how a statutory preemption understanding of federal exclusivity works in practice, consider
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be repeated more widely, and the harm will have been limited geographically.


Immigration federalism is key to international perception, policy experimentalism, and individual rights—also none of their turns apply either—It's a "self-check" system that prevents states from enacting racist policies—this card is fire

Huntington 2008 Associate Professor, University of Colorado Law School; J.D. Columbia Law School; (Clare, "The Constitutional Dimension of Immigration Federalism", http://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1181&context=faculty_scholarship)//AN
B. Immigration through a Federalism Lens The federalism debate, raging for more than
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from undertaking particular immigration regulations, it always can statutorily preempt specified conduct.


A state based approach to immigration is vital to solve the division of high skilled labor through state sponsored visas

Fuller and Rust 2014 Research scholar at New York University and deputy director of the Urbanization Project at the NYU Stern School of Business. Rust is a practicing attorney and a recent graduate of Temple University's Beasley School of Law (Brandon and Sean, "State-Based Visas A Federalist Approach to Reforming U.S. Immigration Policy", http://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/pubs/pdf/pa748_web_1.pdf)//AN
U.S. immigration policy currently prevents many productive foreign workers and entrepreneurs from
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an untested approach to immigration policy. Similar policies have worked well elsewhere.


Independently, specialized immigration visas are key to foster scientific growth—that solves science diplomacy

Pickering and Agre 10 (Thomas R., Advisory Council – Civilian Research and Development Foundation, and Dr. Peter, Director – Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute and President – American Association for the Advancement of Science, "More opportunities needed for U.S. researchers to work with their foreign counterparts", Partnership for a Secure America, 2-9, http://www.psaonline.org/article.php?id=634)//AN
Leverage Science Diplomacy Now to Boost U.S. Foreign Policy In 1979,
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to strengthen that tool and advance our diplomatic goals should not be missed.


====Science diplomacy is key to solve a litany of impacts ====
Federoff 8 – professor of biology at Penn State University known for her research on biology and life sciences, president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (April 2008, "International Science and Technology Cooperation: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Research and Science Education," Committee on Science and Technology, http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CHRG-110hhrg41470/html/CHRG-110hhrg41470.htm) mj
Chairman Baird, Ranking Member Ehlers, and distinguished members of the Subcommittee, thank
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a means to enhance security, increase global partnerships, and create sustainability.


Ukraine's on the brink of collapse—economic debt and downturn in the energy sector prove

Butler 7/12/15 Author of FT's Energy and Power blog and Visiting Prof at Kings College London. (Nick, "Ukraine – the dangers of neglecting Europe's other debt crisis", http://blogs.ft.com/nick-butler/2015/07/12/ukraine-the-dangers-of-neglecting-europes-other-debt-crisis/)//AN
Politicians and policy makers can only focus on one problem at a time. With
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45m people less than 350 miles from Budapest and only 250 from Warsaw.


A system of decentralization is key to solve the Ukraine crisis—US modeling is vital

Joseph 2014 Executive director of the Institute of Current World Affairs and a lecturer at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. (Edward P., "How Putin could achieve all of his designs on Ukraine — without sending a single tank across the border.", http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/04/24/constitutional-conquest/)//AN
With the threat of a Russian invasion still heavy in the air of eastern Ukraine
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Balkans, lest they unwittingly deliver eastern Ukraine to Russia on a platter.


That solves Ukrainian state collapse

Roberts and Fisun 2014 Expert on democracy development assistance and is the Director of the International Development Studies Program at the The George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs. Oleksandr Fisun is an expert in post-Soviet politics and regime types, especially as they relate to Ukraine and is the Chair of the Political Science Department at the Kharkiv National University (Sean and Olkesander, "LOCAL GOVERNANCE AND DECENTRALIZATION ASSESSMENT: IMPLICATIONS OF PROPOSED REFORMS IN UKRAINE", http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1863/LOCAL%20GOVERNANCE%20ASSESSMENT%20FINAL.pdf)//AN
At the same time, many international and local experts have suggested that decentralization is
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governance are discussed below in the analysis of the country's general political economy.


Causes war with Russia and becomes a global hotspot—extinction

Bandow 2014 (Doug, senior fellow at CATO institute, "Avoid War, Cold Or Hot, with Russia over Ukraine: Finding a Way Back from the Catastrophic Brink," March 3, http://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/avoid-war-cold-or-hot-russia-over-ukraine-finding-way-back-catastrophic)//AN
Ukrainians won an important political battle by ousting the corrupt Viktor Yanukovich as president.
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in no one's interest. A hot war would be a global catastrophe.


Contention Two: Police



Mistrust in police drives Immigrants to participate or rely on gangs – Increases involvement

Cave 14 (Damien Cave is a foreign correspondent for The New York Times, "Crime, Migrants and Politics Intersect on Tulsa Streets," New York Times Late Edition 6/7/14, Date Accessed: 7/10/15, Lexis, SZ)
The city police, however, see things differently. Most of the drug dealers
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, several city officers said, immigrants are typically seen as inviting targets.


Immigrant gangs are developing ties to terrorist organizations that will attack the U.S.

Killebrew '08 — retired Army Col. And researcher at the Center for a New American Strategy (Robert, "A New Threat: The Crossover of Urban Gang Warfare and Terrorism", file:///C:/Users/clarkj/Downloads/killebrewgangs.pdf)
A growing body of evidence shows that criminal gang activities in the United States are
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States will be increasingly vulnerable to civil violence and catastrophic attack from within.


Nuclear terror kills billons

Brill and Luongo '12 ~~[Kenneth C. Brill is a former U.S. ambassador to the I.A.E.A. Kenneth N. Luongo is president of the Partnership for Global Security. Both are members of the Fissile Material Working Group, a nonpartisan nongovernmental organization. "Nuclear Terrorism: A Clear Danger" The New York Times, 3/15/12 ln~~]
There is a consensus among international leaders that the threat of nuclear terrorism is real
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poverty" and create "a second death toll throughout the developing world."


Plan reestablishes trust in local law enforcement- Uniquely decreases violent crime rates

Gascon 13 (George Gascon is the District Attorney in San Francisco, "Why cops should back immigration reform," 6/19/13, Date Accessed: 7/7/15, http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/19/opinion/gascon-immigration-policing/, SZ)
When immigrants — unauthorized or authorized - feel isolated from the protection of law enforcement
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already spending more than $17 billion annually on immigration and border enforcement.


Solvency



The shift from Secure Communities to Priority Enforcement has led to no improvement – Local police entanglement creates illegal detainment, racial profiling and community distrust – It must end.

Pasquarella 6/27/15 — J.D. with a Certificate in Refugee and Humanitarian Emergencies from Georgetown University Law Center, ACLU Southern California (JENNIE "ICE Plays Name Game", https://www.laprogressive.com/ice-priority-enforcement-program///JC)
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) rolled out a new immigration enforcement program this
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erosion of police-community trust. PEP appears to be no different.


New changes in policy mean no link uniqueness, but are wrought with loopholes – Only complete disentanglement solves

IRLC '15 ("Life After "PEP-Comm" - Immigrant Legal Resource Center", http://www.ilrc.org/files/documents/ilrc_organizers_advisory-2015-01_06.pdf.//JC)



Preventing extinction is the most ethical outcome

Bostrom 13 (Nick, Professor at Oxford University, Faculty of Philosophy & Oxford Martin School, Director, Future of Humanity Institute, Director, Oxford Martin Programme on the Impacts of Future Technology University of Oxford, "Existential Risk Prevention as Global Priority", Global Policy Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2013 // AKONG)
Some other ethical perspectives We have thus far considered existential risk from the perspective of
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stronger moral reason to prevent catastrophes that would kill the entire human population.